Instruments of a Brass Band
||SAXOPHONE-The saxophone or sax is a conical-bored instrument which is a member of the woodwind family.
Saxophones are usually made of brass and are played with a single-reed mouthpiece similar to that of the
clarinet. The saxophone was invented by Adolphe Sax in 1841. He wanted to create an instrument that
would both be the loudest of the woodwinds and the most versatile of the brass. In our band we have
a Soprano Saxophone.
|| CORNET-A musical instument made of brass. The modern
cornet resembling a small trumpet with 3 valves, is used
above all in brass bands. It is sometimes used in symphony
orchestras. It is pitched in Bb and used in
The cornet sound is mellower than that of a trumpet.
The for-runner of the cornet
was the posthorn of the late 1500's to announce
the mail wagon. It is pitched in Eb
||FLUGEL HORN-It is somewhat like a cornet
and with a similar compass, but with a slightly
larger bell. It is a standard instrument in
British brass bands, and is used in Jazz, but
rarely found in orchestras.
||EbHORN-A musical instrument made from
metal tubing, with a conical bore, ending in a bell.
The narrow end is fitted with a small, funnel-shaped mouthpiece.
Like all brass instruments, the horn
relies on the player to produce the vibration
(by blowing into the mouthpiece) which causes the sound.
||BARITONE- is considered a
small tuba and has the range of the trombone.
It has a smaller bore than the euphonium, and
tapered similar to a cornet. The Baritone has 3
valves, it's tubing is cylindrical, the
mouthpiece semiconical. It sounds lighter
and brighter than the euphonium
||EUPHONIUM-A musical instrument of the
tuba family, representing a tenor, related to
the flugelhorn, but larger bored, with conical
tubing, a deep cup mouthpiece and an upright
bell. It has a larger, darker sound compared
to the baritone. The 3 to 5 valved instrument is
much used in brass bands and occasionally in
||TROMBONE-The trombone is a member of the
trumpet family and was brought from the Orient
to Western Europe around 1100.
Until about 1700 it was known
as the sackbut. It was used in the
17-18th century for church music and for
supernatural scenes in opera, and in the 19th
century the trombone had to be adapted to fit
the big symphony orchestras and brass bands,
and therefore lost its distinctive characters.
Later, a valve was added to get lower tones
easier. Today the trombone is made from brass tubing, mainly
cylindrical, which expands to a bell at one end
and is fitted with a cup-shaped mouthpiece at
the other. A slide is used to vary the length,
and therefore the fundamental pitch, of the
instrument, which is made in various sizes.
||TUBA-A musical instrument made from
brass tubing, curved elliptically, with usually
four valves, a mouthpiece set at right angles,
and a wide bell pointing upwards. It is the
largest and lowest in pitch of all brass
instruments, and succeeded the ophicleide
as the bass of the orchestral brass section in
the mid-19th century.
Tubas are made in various sizes,
In our band we have the Ebtuba and theBBbtuba
||PERCUSSION-A category of musical
instruments, essentially idiophones and
membranophones, which are played by being
struck or shaken. Some produce notes of definite
pitch (ie:timpani, xylophone); others do not
(ie: cymbals, side drum).